So I'm kicking around ideas for a story I'm working on (Yes I'm writing again) and I had this thought: "How does a country form?"
I can think of a few ways: Conquest, International Fiat, Revolution. Basically someone takes over something and calls it theirs. The UN or other body "declairs" an area a country or a treaty says an area is a country. Or the area is taken over from within.
Are these the only ways?
For instance if a group of people went out into international waters and created an island could they declare themselves an independent country? Will a private group be able to go into orbit of fly to the moon and declare themselves independent of the Earth's nations?
Honestly I'm not sure but I have a feeling if said country could defend themselves or had some sort of international leverage say a desired technology or commodity they could do it. Especially if they're "just" a station or a small island. Any ideas? Suggestions on where I should look?